Irrigation is a necessary cultural process to increase efficiency.
Irrigation history is as old as agricultural history. Humankind had transported water to the agricultural fields by means of gravity for centuries, nowadays a lot of irrigation types were developed by use of technology. One of these is drip irrigation system.
DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD
Irrigation is a cultural process which is certainly required to do so as to obtain more yields from the unit area. The history of the irrigation is at least as old as the history of the agriculture. While human being was irrigating by means of driving water to the agricultural areas with appeal for hundreds of years, many irrigation methods were developed by using the means of technology today. One of these is the drip irrigation system.
The basic principle in drip irrigation principle is to apply irrigation water at frequent time intervals and with less amount of water. Irrigation is started at the high soil moist level. Thus, a tension originated from the moist lack in the soil is not created in the grown plant. Exclusively, water is given to the environment to ensure the growth of the plant roots at the sufficient level. Generally, the daily or a few days’ water requirement of the plant is met with this method. The irrigation water which is taken from the source is refined from sand, sediment, floating substances and very small particles in the filtering unit. When needed, the plant nutriment element is mixed into the irrigation water via fertilizer injection unit. Furthermore, system flow and system pressure is examined. The irrigation water is conveyed to the drips which are placed close to the plant through pressured pipe network. Water which is given to soil surface in drops form under the low pressure and low flow penetrates into soil by infiltration from here and diffuses with the effects of gravity and capillary forces and wets the soil volume where the plant capillary roots are grown. Generally, a wet strap is obtained along with the plant rows and not-wet dry area remains between the rows deep infiltration or surface flow is never the case with a well-designing and application. Thus, the existing water source is effectively benefited.